41 Lothbury is a building in the centre of the City of London and its principal facade faces  the Bank of England across Lothbury. The existing building was a competition winning design that was built out in phases during the interwar years of the 20th century. It was built as a bank headquarter building and had become the headquarters of the National Westminster Bank. Following the takeover of the National Westminster Bank by the Royal Bank of Scotland, 41 Lothbury became surplus to requirements for the bank and GMW Architects were commissioned to refurbish and extended building in preparation for the market. The building is Grade 2* listed, which meant that the principal facades had to be retained and that some of the internal spaces were also regarded as of historic and architectural merit. The refurbishment scheme comprised of gutting and reconfiguring large areas of the interior, but retaining the ground floor central banking hall together with some entertaining and dining rooms located in the first phase of the original building facing onto Angel Court, a pedestrian way running along the eastern boundary of the site.